LNG (liquefied natural gas) is the liquid state of natural gas – the same gas that is used in Quebec industries, businesses, and homes . . . to heat facilities, cook food and as a transportation fuel.
Natural gas will be delivered to the facility by natural gas line and then treated to remove any constituents which could interfere with the liquefying process. The natural gas is then processed into liquid by running it through a series of giant refrigerators where it is cooled to the point it turns into a liquid (- 162 degrees Celsius). In this state, gas volume is 600 times smaller.
Once the gas is liquefied, it is piped a short distance to large storage tanks (each up to 200,000 cubic meters in capacity) and stored until it can be loaded onto LNG ships. From the LNG storage tanks, the LNG is piped to the waterfront where 2 jetties will be constructed to allow the LNG to be exported to global markets on specially built, state-of-the-art tankers.
LNG is a non-toxic, non-corrosive product that is kept in liquid state until it reaches its destination and then is turned back into its gaseous state. Unlike propane, it does not need to be compressed or kept under pressure. It is odorless and, if a leak should occur, it will not mix with water or soil and will have no direct impacts on wildlife and vegetation.
Find out more from the video presentation Liquefied natural gas, a safe source of energy